(CLICK HERE to read the full essay in the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette)
TIME magazine called it “The Spielberg Summer”. 40 years ago this month, the acclaimed director of such hits as “Jaws”, “Close Encounters of the Third Kind” and “Raiders of the Lost Ark”, released two big movies one week apart. “Poltergeist” hit theaters June 4th and “E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial” followed close behind on June 11th. Both films were critical and box office successes and further cemented Steven Spielberg as the king of the Hollywood blockbuster.
“Poltergeist” ended up being the highest grossing horror film of 1982 and the year’s eighth highest grossing movie overall. It also earned three Academy Award nominations (Original Score, Sound Effects Editing, Visual Effects), losing all of them to Spielberg’s other film, “E.T.”. A global phenomenon, “E.T.” became the highest grossing film of all-time (toppling “Star Wars”), a distinction it held for eleven years until another Spielberg film, “Jurassic Park” took the honor. Still, “E.T.” left a major mark, earning nine Oscar nominations of its own, including one for Best Picture.
These days we’ve grown accustomed to franchises and tent-pole blockbusters. They’re what drive the current box office. But in 1982 it was a pretty big deal, especially coming from a filmmaker of Spielberg’s caliber. Back then more people held the big screen experience in high regard, and trips to the movie theater really meant something for many of us. In addition to the immersive and communal qualities of watching a movie in a dark room with a group of total strangers, theaters provided our only access to new films. There was no internet meaning there were no streaming services. And the video rental boom was near but it hadn’t fully bloomed yet. So we went to the theater. It was special.
“Poltergeist” is considered a Steven Spielberg film although the level of his involvement has been debated for decades. Spielberg conceived the story, co-wrote the script, and co-produced. But he was already at work making “E.T.” and a clause in his contract forbid him from directing another film while still in production. So Tobe Hooper (“The Texas Chainsaw Massacre”) was brought on to direct. Accounts vary on who had creative control with some going as far as proclaiming Spielberg as co-director. Co-producer Frank Marshall insisted Spielberg was “the creative force of the movie” while in a 2012 interview several cast and crew members credited Hooper.
Controversy aside, “Poltergeist” has Spielberg’s fingerprints all over it. It’s perhaps best known for a chillingly calm five-year-old Heather O’Rourke standing in front of a snowy television screen uttering the words “They’re heeeere.” But watching it again I was reminded of its many strengths that go beyond its fun but somewhat dated special effects. There’s the mischievous jolt it gave to the old-fashioned ghost story. There’s its hefty focus on developing a genuine and relatable family. There’s the terrific Zelda Rubinstein as an eccentric clairvoyant who brings a wonderful energy and kookiness to the film’s second half.
“Poltergeist” was well received by audiences at the time and has won over numerous skeptics in the decades that have followed. Generally speaking, critics also liked it although there were a few notable exceptions (Pauline Kael notoriously dismissed it as a “dumb concoction” and “entertaining hash“). And while it made good money, its box office numbers could have been even higher if not for the movie that came just one week later.
“E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial” was conceived, directed and co-produced by Spielberg, and its creative control was never in question. Despite claims he had plagiarized the film from an unproduced script by Indian filmmaker Satyajit Ray, Spielberg maintained that “E.T.” was inspired by the childhood imaginary friend he invented following his parents’ divorce. Whichever is true, “E.T.” was an instant hit. Including its two re-releases, the film has grossed just under $800 million.
Its massive popularity led to “E.T.” becoming a merchandising goldmine. Plush toys, storybooks, breakfast cereal, lunchboxes – the film generated over $1 billion in merchandising alone. Yet one reason “E.T.” remains one of Spielberg’s most beloved movies is that it wasn’t made just for kids. He gave audiences more than a suburban fairy tale about a young boy who befriends a homesick alien. He gave them a touching portrait of youth that kids of all ages could relate to.
As “Poltergeist” and “E.T.” turn 40-years-old, I can’t help but look back at June, 1982 with a particular sense of longing. Don’t get me wrong, I still enjoy many of today’s blockbusters, and I can get caught up in the near rabid excitement that surrounds certain high-profile releases. But this is a more homogenized era where blockbusters more often than not revolve around sequels and franchise-building. That’s why it’s easy to reflect on “The Spielberg Summer” with such fondness. It reminds me of a time when big summer movies and our first experiences with them were truly memorable. But then again, maybe I’m just old.
I’ve always loved ET, one of my favorite movies. And I have to agree, today’s movies are all about franchise building and while some of them are good, it would be nice to see some fresher, more original ideas once in awhile!
Amen! I do enjoy some of the franchises. But I really miss original blockbusters. They’re such a rarity these days.
E.T was just magical, I think the little guy still lives in the hearts of all who saw it.
I think you’re right. I know he does mine.
That is a hell of a summer. E.T. I still think is Spielberg’s crowning achievement as I do cry in that film and not ashamed to still cry whenever it’s on (unless it’s that version with the walkie-talkies).
And just think, one week apart and one week removed from “Raiders”. June of 1982 was amazing!!!
Really enjoyed your essay. It makes me nostalgic, even when I came into the world four years after this summer. Where some folks say “they are just old,” I often think I have been born a few years too late! Perspective is a funny thing.
Ha. I know what you mean. I’ve had similar feelings about a variety of things.
Great essay and brings back many fond memories. I do think that 1982 was the “1939” for sci-fi geeks. But E.T. was a big one for me, as I was the same age as Elliot. And it’s the rare movie I got to see in the theatre twice, thanks to my constant nagging to my mom. Sadly, I didn’t experience “Poltergeist” until I was much older, as my parents heard the movie was frightening, and the horror label scared them off. “Iron” was another movie released that year that I remember watching that impacted me.
Great memories. Your E.T. experience mirrors mine in many ways. I think I ended up seeing it four times in the theaters that year. LOL.
Thanks for reading and I appreciate the kind words.
My wife and I were dating when E.T. came out. I think we saw it three times in the first three weeks of its release. Packed crowds each show, whether it was morning or night. I always mention E.T. when asked about my favorite movies of all time.
I can see why you would mention it. It was so incredibly popular at the time and it seemed like everyone was talking about it. My little brother had a big plush ET that he carried everywhere.